Types of Solar Water Pumps and Their Applications
Today, a clean and stable water supply is necessary. A solar pump using a solar system is an attractive technology because of its low environmental damage and its use for water supply in remote areas. Therefore, he was chosen by most people. Generally, remote areas mainly rely on diesel engines and manpower for water supply. These pumps replace previous pumps to provide many benefits, such as weather-related and socioeconomic benefits. These pumps are mainly suitable for irrigation and water storage. This article discusses how types and applications of solar pumps are used.
How Does a Solar Pump Work?
When the sun's rays are projected onto the photovoltaic panels, the solar panels convert the light into electricity with the help of silicon wafers affixed to the photovoltaic panels. Solar energy is then supplied to the electric motor to operate the pump using the cable. Through the rotation of the shaft fixed to the pump, the pump starts to draw water from the soil and supply it to the field.
Solar Pump Type
Solar pumps are divided into four types: submersible solar pumps, surface solar pumps, DC pumps, and AC pumps.
Submersible Solar Pump
These pumps can lift water up to 650 feet and are installed in a large well. Whenever the water depth in the well is more than 20 feet above the surface, these pumps can simply shut down the battery, solar panel, or in some cases the power source. Usually, when the sun is shining, the water is pumped throughout the day and stored in the tank for a rainy day. It is advisable to store the water only when the weather is good because if the weather is bad, the pump will not pump. These types of pumps are mainly used where water is available at greater depths and where open wells do not exist. The recommended maximum pumping depth is 50 meters.
These pumps are used in ponds, shallow wells, storage tanks, or streams. If the water supply in the well is 20 feet or less from the surface. Typically, these pumps cannot pump very high water from deep wells, they can push water to distances of 200 feet or more. These pumps are suitable for pumping and extracting water from a maximum depth of 20 meters.
DC Solar Pump
The motor used in this pump operates on DC, so there is no need for an inverter or battery.
AC Solar Pump
The motors used in such pumps work with alternating current, which means that the direct current produced by the panels is turned into alternating current with the help of an inverter. This conversion leads to power failures in production and use.
Advantages of Solar Water Pumps
The advantages of solar pumps include the following.
The solar water pump is flexible in installation and suitable for different applications.
It allows people to handle their drinking water supply, farm animal watering, irrigation, and other housing applications.
Generally speaking, summer water consumption is the largest. During the season, photovoltaic panels can generate the most electricity, allowing more water to be pumped into the tank.
Solar Pump Application
The application of solar water pumps is mainly used where water needs to be pumped.
Animal water supply
Harvest irrigation water
Water supply for cooking and drinking water.
So this is all about an overview of solar pumps. Based on the above information, finally, we can conclude that these pumps are very efficient compared to conventional pumps. These pumps are ideal for small-scale farmers, horticultural farms, cattle farms, irrigation, gardens, and more. If you need it, please contact us.
TPON is a professional solar water pumps manufacturer. Every month, we export at least 15,500 solar water pumps all over the world, which have been well received by countless buyers. TPON solar well pumps never stop the steps of improving and innovating our solar pumps to meet different market demands.